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Andrzej Moskwin

Maksim Harecki jako przedstawiciel „nowego dramatu” białoruskiego


Maksim Harecki (1893–1938) – one of the leading early 20th-century Byelorussian playwrights. He was also a theoretician of the Byelorussian stage, and his theatrical manifesto Our theatre (1913) had a considerable influence on its development. The dramas selected by the present author (Muterka [1920], Funereal Comedy, A Layman, Joker Pisarewicz and Various denominations [all – 1922]) clearly demonstrate the way in which Harecki attempted to broaden the range of themes and problems dealt with in Byelorussian theatre. In line with the principles of naturalism he wished to reveal the truth about human nature and its context; he analyzed the personalities of his characters, which were shaped by their environment; he focused the action around a central event, which was developed logically. Following the expressionists, he showed highly tense psychological states, and linked together contradictory elements: pathos with vulgarity, poetry with the prosaic.